New ‘SMASH’ Model To Solve Five Biggest Mysteries Of The Universe?

First Posted: Nov 01, 2016 04:23 AM EDT

A new model formulated by physicists could solve five of the universe's biggest mysteries, as per recent reports. The Standard Model Axion Seesaw Higgs (SMASH) portal inflation model is a minimal extension of the Standard Model, which has added six particles to explain CP problem, neutrino oscillations, baryogenesis, dark matter and inflation. According to the researching team, the new method shows that the mysteries can be intertwined in a remarkably simple way.

SMASH reportedly fills the gaps in the Standard Model, which could not find the answers to certain questions related to the dynamics of space and physics, such as the evidence of still unidentified dark matter that is calculated to make up nearly 26 percent of the universe, the reason for the imbalance between matter and antimatter, primordial inflation mechanisms, issues of intrinsic naturalness, as well as the asymmetry of the universe addressed by neutrinos' nature and the powerful CP problem.

Three neutrinos, a fermion and a new field containing just two particles - the axion and the inflation - were added to the new model to explain the mysteries as well as offer "a self-contained description of particle physics from the Planck scale to the electroweak scale and of cosmology from inflation until today." According to the researchers, the new SMASH model can be tested or checked within the next 10 years. "You can always invent new theories, but if they can only be tested in 100 years, or never, then this is not real science but meta-science," study co-author Andreas Ringwald said.

The SMASH model suggests that the axion should be around ten billion times lighter than the electron. Furthermore, South Korea's CULTASK experiment, US's proposed ORPHEUS experiment in the US or Germany's planned MADMAX experiment could probe into it. Now it remains to be seen how successful the new model is going to be in actually solving the perplexing mysteries related to the universe.

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