El Nino Linked To The Rising Concentration Of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide This 2016

First Posted: Jun 16, 2016 04:00 AM EDT

This year the El Nino heightens the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, according to research.

The study was printed in the journal of Nature Climate Change on June 13; 2016.It was led by Professor Richard Betts of the Met Office Hadley Center and the University of Exeter and other academics, according to Science Daily.
Prof. Bett explained that the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is rising year on year due to human emissions. On the other hand, this 2016 it is getting an extra lift due to recent El Nino event---changes in the temperature of the surface of the sea of the tropical Pacific Ocean. This warms and dries the tropical ecosystems, lessening their uptake of carbon, and aggravating forest fires. He further explained that since human emission is now 25 percent bigger than in the last big El Nino in 1997/98, this all add up to a record CO2 rise this year.

Economic Times stated that the average concentration in 2016 is about 404.45 parts per million. This drops to about 401.48 in September before resuming their ongoing rise next year. The researchers foresee this year's maximum carbon dioxide concentration of 407 parts per million in the past month. The CO2 measurements were gauged at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. The researchers continuously monitor and collect data associated to atmospheric change since the 1950s.
Prof. Bett stated that carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa is now over 400 parts per million, but would have been thought to drop back down below, this level in September. On the other hand, they predicted that this will not happen at the most, because the recent El Nino has warmed and dried the tropical ecosystem and drive forest fire, adding to the CO2 rise.

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