Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors that include oceanic processes (such as oceanic circulation), variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, and human-induced alterations of the natural world; these latter effects are currently causing global warming, and "climate change" is often used to describe human-specific impacts.
Scientists actively work to understand past and future climate by using observations and theoretical models. Borehole temperature profiles, ice cores, floral and faunal records, glacial and periglacial processes, stable isotope and other sediment analyses, and sea level records serve to provide a climate record that spans the geologic past. More recent data are provided by the instrumental record. Physically based general circulation models are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change.
Flights are about to get rockier with dramatic increase in turbulence, according to a new study.
The decreasing amount of the Arctic Ice Cap has been documented by NASA over the course of three decades.
The Ross Sea in Antarctica was declared last Friday as a protected marine bay.
Environmental officials from China tampered the air pollution results to avoid high penalties.
The great barrier reef is dying because of the rising temperature caused by global warming.
Researchers conducted a survey and found seagrass loss globally, impairing lives of sea mammals and for other cases, even humans.
As elections zoom nearby, scientists warn that Donald Trump is a threat to the environment for he does not believe that there's climate change.
According to NASA, July of 2016 was the hottest month to date, ever.
Norway has initiated the first step in what may hopefully encourage other countries to follow in the fight against deforestation.
Researchers found that northern lakes are releasing massive and increasing amounts of methane.
A recent study revealed that as climate change heightens, it will increase the spread of malaria within various regions of Africa.
A "hiatus" in global warming so far this century is partly caused by natural variations in a chaotic climate and is unlikely to last, a draft United Nations report by leading climate scientists says.