Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity).
For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production and medicine. The term itself is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky. In the late 20th and early 21st century, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene technologies, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests.
Until now, a special kind of fungus needed a biotech material 60 times more expensive than gold to produce an enzyme needed for the production of biofuel, making it an uneconomically costly process.
Replacing missing teeth with new bioengineered teeth, grown from stem cells generated from a person's own gum cells, is a future method that could be superior to the currently used implant technology, but for now not all required pieces are in place.
Bioengineers from the University of California, San Diego have demonstrated a new injectable hydrogel that can repair damage from heart attacks, help the heart grow new tissue and blood vessels, and get the heart moving closer to how a healthy heart should in a study in pigs.
Artificial replacement ears are now fabricated with the help of 3D printing, which allows a much faster and precise process to create human ears that look and act like real ears, according to a study by researchers from Cornell University published on February 20.
The success rate of spinal implants made with high-performance polymers called PEEK could become even better thanks to a bioactive coating that until now couldn't be appied to the material.
Real time observation, of living cells, in 3D, and at the nanoscale - this are the incredible and groundbreaking features of a new holographic microscopy prototype developed by two young scientists at the Swiss Technology University EPFL.
Researchers made a degradable plastic implant that accelerates the healing of bones by guiding blood with the bodies stem cells to the broken places where they do their healing work. The honeycomb scaffold structure allows an optimal blood flow which enables the stem cells from the patient's bone ma...