Climate Change Is Here; There Is No Turning Back; New Damage Caused By Humanity Is Discovered
The climate change is here and some of the damage can never be reversed back to what it was before. Earlier reports show that the Earth has already reached the historic increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide at 400 ppm. Now, humanity is about to do more damages.
A new study that is published in the journal Nature shows that humanity is going to make more damages. The researchers from Yale University found that the current warming will release more or less 55 billion tons or 60.6 billion tons of carbon that is trapped in the soil into the atmosphere.
The researchers and other experts think that in 2050, an extra increase of 1 degree Celsius of warming is due to climate change.
The study results were concluded with the use of predictive models based on 20 years of soil samples. The research team concentrated its study on the under-investigated Arctic region. It is where the soils have millennia's worth of trapped carbon within them.
A former postdoctoral researcher from Yale University and the study lead author Thomas Crowther said that "Carbon stores are greatest in places like the Arctic and the sub-Arctic, where the soil is cold and often frozen. In those conditions, microbes are less active and so carbon has been allowed to build up over many centuries," in a report by Yale News.
In addition, Crowther shared that, "But as you start to warm, the activities of those microbes increases and that's when the losses start to happen. The scary thing is, these cold regions are the places that are expected to warm the most under climate change.
As follows, the sudden carbon release could bring out runaway climate change. This means the warming accelerates the carbon release, and in return, it further accelerates the warming. The experts called is as "positive feedback cycle." Also, it is potentially irreversible.
Thus, the cycles describe any process that is self-amplifying, and the carbon release from the soil is just one of the many. However, this aspect of the climate change is one of the most under-reported, according to IFL Science.