Climate Change Will Reduce The Coffee Production in 2050, Research says
(Photo : Nicky Loh/Getty Images for World Animal Protection)
There are a lot of serious reasons why climate change has to stop. For one, in 2050 we will be experiencing 50 percent less of coffee production if this phenomenon keeps on pursuing. It would be a drastic news for almost everybody, coffee lovers, coffee farmers, coffee shop owners and so much more. Big time coffee shop owners have already raised their concern on this matter.
The impact of climate change has already gone globally intense. The results that hit the coffee industry have already raised several concerns and threat. Meanwhile, the coffee production in Tanzania has already dropped by 137kg per hectare.
Alarming decrease in coffee production does not stop at Tanzania alone. Central America has already lost $500 million and laid off 350,000 people in 2012-2013. At least 85% of the crop in Guatemala were also gravely affected and have died. In Nicaragua, researchers calculated that they can also lose the majority of its coffee growing area, according to The Guardian.com. All these have happened due to the widely devastion brought about by global warming.
In line with this, the kind of coffee bean that mostly likely to be affected is the Arabica, this bean usually grows in tropical highlands--areas that are highly humid in weather. Adored by its aroma and taste, it is being supplied over 70% worldwide. Nonetheless, it takes a huge effort to grow, for it is very picky when it comes to climate. Even at least a 1°c rise in temperature can already influence its flavor and aroma. On the other hand, Robusta, another kind of coffee bean that of which is usually used for instant coffee, is easier to maintain but less aromatic and has a lower sensitivity to temperature. Thus, in the future if this problem persist, people's favorite coffee blends will taste and smell differently, reports IFL Science.com.
And taste is not the only thing to be affected by this impeding problem. The livelihood of 2.4 million people relies on coffee and for every 1°c rise in the minimum temperature the production drops. Researchers estimated that by 2060 the output will be critically low. This will mean a wide unemployment and layoff to coffee workers.
According to Think Progress.com, Fair-trade Australia and New Zealand conducted a research, a report titled "A brewing Storm." The findings stated that unusual high-altitude rains and severe heat cost the outbreak of pests and disease into coffee farms. Climate Institute's chief executive officer, John Connor, said: "We're also seeing extra diseases increasing and being able to go up into those areas."
Meanwhile, to help the coffee industry, consumers can select brands that are carbon neutral. It can benefit the small farmers and the community for they have small resources to adapt to the on-going climate change.